Anafim Shemot 6-15

 The 10 Plagues               (Sh’mot 6-10)  שמות ו-י                      


Out of vengeance, Adonai brought 10 plagues on the Egyptians.

דם שחין
צפרדע ברד
כינים ארבה
ערוב חשך
דבר מכת בכורות

Aaron took the staff and struck the water in the Nile before the eyes of Pharaoh and his servants and all the water in the Nile turned to blood.

Pharaoh’s sorcerers too made blood with their spells, and Pharaoh’s heart was hardened.

Seven days passed, then Aaron stretched the staff over the water of the Nile and frogs swarmed out and covered the land of Egypt.

Then Pharaoh called his sorcerers and they, too, made frogs cover Egypt.

But when the frogs retreated, Pharaoh’s heart hardened again, as Adonai has spoken.

And Aaron brought lice on the people and the animals in Egypt. Now the sorcerers tried to bring out the lice, but they could not.

Egypt was ravaged by a swarm of insects but Goshen, where the Israelites lived, was spared. Pharaoh still would not let the people go.

Then Adonai struck the animals of Egypt with a plague, but no animals of the Israelites died. Still Pharaoh did not set the people free.

The people and animals of Egypt were struck with boils, but Adonai hardened Pharaoh’s heart.

Adonai rained hail and fire on the land of Egypt, the livestock and the people, the trees and the grasses of the field; all was struck and broken. But there was no hail in Goshen, where the Israelites lived.

Pharaoh pled with Moses and Aaron to stop the hail, but when the thunder stopped and the hail no longer fell, Pharaoh again began to do wrong, as Adonai has spoken.

When it was morning, the locust came. They covered Egypt and the ground went dark. All that was green, the locust consumed–every plant left by the hail. But Adonai hardened Pharaoh’s heart and he did not set the people free.

And Moses stretched out his arm and dark covered everything. For three days, no one could rise from where they were, but the Israelites had light in their houses.

Pharaoh said the Moses, “Go worship Adonai. Your children too may go. Only your sheep and cattle leave behind.”

But Moses said, “We will take our flocks and herds for burnt offerings and to sacrifice to God. Not a hoof will remain.”

And again Adonai hardened Pharaoh’s heart and he said to Moses, “Go away from me! Do not see my face again, for on the day you see my face, you will die!”

And Moses said, “You are right, I will not see your face again.”  

A Passover Offering          (sh’mot 11)  שמות יא


Adonai said to Moses,

“I will bring one last plague upon Pharaoh and upon Egypt.

You must stand again before Pharaoh and he will set you free.

Now tell the Israelites, the men and the women,

to ask their neighbors for their items of silver and gold.”

Adonai made the Egyptians appear good in the eyes of the Egyptians,

and Moses was admired, too, in the land of Egypt.

They gave them their items.


Then Moses said to Pharaoh, “Adonai says this:

‘At midnight I will go out among the Egyptians

And every firstborn in the land of Egypt will die–

from the firstborn of Pharaoh on his throne

to the firstborn of the slave girl

and all the firstborn of the cattle.

And there will be a great crying through the land of Egypt,

such as has never been nor ever will be again.

But not a dog will snarl at the Israelites–

and then you will know how I separate My people from Egypt.’”

And hot anger rose in Moses as he went away from Pharaoh.


And Adonai said to Moses and Aaron in the land of Egypt,

“Speak to the Israelites saying:

‘I will go through the land of Egypt,

and on this night I will strike down every firstborn in Egypt

And I will punish all the gods of Egypt.

I am Adonai,

And the blood on your houses will be a sign–

I will see it and pass over you and you will not be destroyed.’”

The people bowed low

and did what Adonai had commanded Moses and Aaron.

Adonai’s Army                        (Sh’mot 12)     שמות יב


And now at midnight

Adonai struck down every firstborn

in the land of Egypt,

from the firstborn of

Pharaoh on his throne

to the firstborn of

the prisoners in the dungeon

to every firstborn of the beasts.


Pharaoh arose at night,

he and his servants and all Egypt,

and there was a great cry in the land,

for in every house someone was dead.


He Moses and Aaron  to him and said,

“Go out from here, you and the Israelites with you!

Go, worship God as you said!

Take your sheep and cattle–go, and plead for me.”

And Egypt urged the people to leave, saying,

“Or we shall all be dead.”


The Israelites took their dough in kneading bowls

wrapped in their clothing,

And they took the items of silver and gold

they had asked for from their neighbors, as Moses had said.

In this way they stripped the Egyptians.

They journeyed from Ramses to Sukkot,

Six hundred men on foot,

And also the women and the children.

Now also, a great mixture of people went out with them,

And many sheep and cattle.

And they baked the dough they had brought into flatbread,

for it had not risen.

The people had been driven out of Egypt and could not delay.


The years the Israelites had dwelled in Egypt

were four hundred and thirty.

And at the end of that time,

on that very day,

Adonai’s army went out from the land of Egypt.


The Waters Split Apart                      (Sh’mot 14)    שמות יד


Pharaoh was told that the people had fled, and his heart changed.

He said, “Why did we let them go?”

Then he readied his chariot and he took six hundred warriors,

and their chariots and their captains.


Adonai hardened the heart of Pharaoh, king of Egypt,

and they chased after the Israelites camped by the sea.


The Israelites lifted up their eyes,

and here, Egypt was coming toward them!

They were very afraid and they cried out to Adonai.

And they said to Moses,

“Why did you take us out to die in the wilderness?

Were there not enough graves in Egypt?

What have you done to us, bringing us out of Egypt?”

Moses said to the people, “Don’t be afraid!

Be strong and Adonai will deliver you.

The Egyptians that you see today you will never see again.”


And Adonai said to Moses,

“Let the Israelites go forward.

And you–you must raise your staff, stretch it above the sea,

and split it apart

so that the Israelites can come through the sea on dry ground.

But I will harden the heart of Egypt so that they come after you,

and the Egyptians will know that I am Adonai.”


The messenger of God who was going before the Israelites

moved back and went behind them.

And the pillar of cloud went behind them.

Now there was darkness and cloud–they lit up the night.

And Moses stretched out his hand over the sea.

And Adonai drove it back with a roaring east wind.

The waters split apart and He made a path.

The Israelites came into the sea on dry ground,

the waters a wall for them on their right and on their left.


Pharaoh came after them,

with all his chariots and warriors and horses.

At dawn Adonai set the Egyptian army into a panic.

He locked the wheels of their chariots making it difficult to move.

Egypt said, “Let us flee from the Israelites,

for Adonai is fighting for them against Egypt.”


Then Adonai said to Moses,

“Stretch your hand over the sea.”

And Moses stretched his hand over the sea,

and the waters turned back

and covered the chariots and horses of the Egyptians.

And Adonai flung the Egyptians into the sea.

Not one of them remained.

But the Israelites went through the sea on dry ground,

and they saw the hand that Adonai had raised against Egypt.

And the people feared Adonai and they trusted in Him,

and in Moses, His servant.


With Timbrels and Dancing                   (Sh’mot 15)         שמות טו


Then Moses and the Israelites sang a song to Adonai, saying:

“I will sing to Adonai,

for He has triumphed, yes, triumphed.

The horse and its rider He flung into the sea!

The waters covered them over.

They went down deep like a stone.


Your right hand, Adonai,

shattered the enemy.

With the breath of Your nostrils,

waters piled up.

The gushing streams stood like walls.


Who is like You among the gods, O Adonai!

Who is like You, mighty in holiness,

awesome in magnificence, worker of wonders!

You will bring them and plant them in your own mountain,

The place you made for them to live in, O Adonai!

The sanctuary which Your hands have crafted

Adonai will reign forever!”


Then Miriam the prophetess, Aaron’s sister,

took a tambourine in her hand,

and all the women went after her, with timbrels and dancing.

And Miriam sang to them:

“I will sing to Adonai,

for He has triumphed, yes triumphed.

The horse and its rider

He flung into the sea!”


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